Lumbini of Nepal is the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, also regarded as a gesture of peace and harmony. It is situated in the Rupandehi district of Nepal. It consists of numerous temples, stupas, peace signs, and remarks. The Maya Devi Temple, Great Drigung Kagyud lotus Stupa, Bodhi tree and pond, Marker stone, purportedly the exact birthplace of Gautama Buddha, Eternal peace flame, Burmese Lokamani Cula Pagoda, Chinese Maitreya Temple, Kapilvastu Elephant Idol, Shanti stupa, Shanti gumba, Myanmar golden temple are main stupas and marks. This is also the holiest pilgrimage site for Buddhists.
The Sacred Buddhist Pilgrimage
Lord Buddha was born in 623 BC in Lumbini, situated in the Terai southern part of Nepal. Gautama Buddha’s teachings are popular worldwide and they are followed by monks, mendicants, and sages. Buddha himself was considered to be a sage and mendicant, a great teacher based on which Buddhism evolved. Buddhists believe that Gautama Buddha was enlightened and shared his insights regarding the existence, human suffering, and death of humans. In Buddhism, humans are regarded as sentient beings, made up of five aggregates: matter, sensation, perception, mental formations, and consciousness. His teachings give a way of life to many people. The human sufferings are simplified by the Buddha’s enlightened truths.
The four noble truths by Lord Gautama Buddha:
- Old age, illness, and death are all forms of human suffering.
- Suffering is closely linked to desire. A desire for being leads from birth to death and involves aging, illness, and mortality.
- Suffering can be dispelled by the abandonment of all desires.
- By right belief, intent, speech, behavior, livelihood, effort, contemplation, and concentration the abandonment of desire can be achieved.
Besides the religious importance, it has historical and archaeological importance as well. Lumbini is enlisted in UNESCO's world heritage site as the holiest and most significant pilgrimage site of Nepal. There is an inscription found by the Maurya emperor Ashoka in 249 BC, whose pillar is also known as the Ashoka Pillar. This pillar is one of the many stone pillars built by Emperor Ashoka. This Ashokan Pillar is also considered one of the oldest inscriptions found in Nepal. The archaeological remains associated with the Lord Buddha can be found around the Kapilvastu district.
The Stupas, Monasteries, and other archaeological remains situated there from the 3rd century BC to the 15th century AD provide crucial evidence about the nature of Buddhism and pilgrimage centers from the early centuries. Lord Gautama Buddha is known as the incarnation of peace and harmony who came down to earth to give humans a way of living during that period. The significant remains associated with the Lord Buddha are preserved and can be observed here.
Tilaurakot is the place where Lord Buddha spent the first 29 years of his life. This place has been identified as the actual capital of the Kapilvastu region in ancient times and the home of King Suddhodana. The site sits in a meadow near the banks of the Banganga River. It is situated at a distance of 24 KM west of Lumbini. This place has some remains of ancient Kapilvastu. It carries archaeological importance as part of the human civilization in Kapilvastu, Buddha’s life, and historical aspects. The remains here are a couple of Stupa bases, thick fortress walls, and four gates. It is believed that from the eastern gate, Buddha walked in search of peace and enlightenment after spending his almost three decades of life in a luxurious and princely establishment.
Devdaha is located in the Rupandehi district of Nepal, 57 KM east of Lumbini. This place is the ancient capital of the Koliya Kingdom. The literal meaning of Devdaha is ‘Pond of God’. It is considered that Prince Siddhartha bathes in this lake which is also believed to be a pond from where water is supplied to the Koliya Kingdom during ancient times. Devdaha is also identified as the maternal home of Queen Mayadevi, Prajapati Gautami, and Princess Yashodhara. It is believed that Siddhartha Gautam spent some of his childhood days with his stepmother Prajapati Gautami at this Place. Also, it is believed that after enlightenment, Buddha stayed here during his tours and preached to monks and followers on various topics.
In the eastern part of Devdaha, there is a park. In this park where Siddhartha Gautam’s second mother used to bring him during his childhood days. After the death of Siddhartha Gautam’s biological mother, his second mother brought him up. So, this place has some historical and archaeological importance.
Lumbini is a popular destination for peace aspirants and Buddha followers. Apart from the Buddha’s birthplace, this place has archaeological and historical importance. Visit Lumbini of Nepal to have a glimpse at the Buddhism evolutionary place and look at the Buddhist lifestyle in the land of Gautama Buddha.