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National Symbols of Nepal

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National symbols of Nepal give a unique identification of this Himalayan kingdom. Nepal is a landlocked country, between two large Nations India (East, West, and South) and China (North) in South Asia. Nepal lies in the Indian Subcontinent and has a total area of 1,47,181 sq. Km. Nepal is distinctively enriched with diverse natural and cultural attractions and geographical variations. The large spectrum and combination of the Himalayas, Hills, and Plains make Nepal a unique country. Every kind of weather in a year can be observed in the diverse terrains of Nepal. The world-renowned Himalayas including the highest peak and other 8 out of 14 highest peaks above 8000 meters are situated in Nepal. The total landmass of 0.1 percent with its unique geography makes Nepal a unique destination. Nepal consists of 0.3 percent of the total area of Asia and 0.003 percent of the total area of the world.

Find out the details about the National symbols of Nepal.

Nepal is also popular for its floral and faunal spectrums. It has more than 600 plant families, 320 species of Orchids, rare butterfly families, more than 850 species of Birds, flowering plants, and 4 percent of mammals found on earth are found in Nepal. In a small area, the largest living diversity and geographical variations made Nepal a perfect country.

Nepal has had a lot of Political suffering since decades ago. In 2007, Nepal became a democratic nation relieving itself from the cruel Rana Regime. Nepal never came under colonization. But the movements and internal war affected Nepal a lot. The movements in the 1990s and 2000s made Nepal a Secular Republic country in 2008, ending the world’s last Hindu Monarchy. In response to the 2006 democracy movement, the Shah King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah agreed to relinquish power to the people of Nepal. Nepal is now officially the Federal Democratic Republic.

List of the symbols :

Animal Cow
Bird Lophophorus
Logo Swastik
Flag Two triangle flag with sun and moon
Flower Rhododendron
Language Nepali
Color Crimson
Dress Daura Shurwal and Gunyu Cholo
Antham Woven from hundreds of flowers
Game Volleyball
Food Daal, Bhat, Tarkari

The national symbols are the prior identity of every country. Though Nepal faced a lot of back-and-forth Democratic movements and unstable politics, Nepal has the same national symbols, only the National Anthem was changed after the Federal Democratic Republic movement.

Majority of the Hindu Religion

Nepal was previously a Hindu kingdom with a majority of Hindu People. Although the majority of people follow Hinduism, the country is declared a secular state despite many controversies. In 2006, Nepal officially became a secular state with the unanimous votes of the House of Representatives.  Still, 81.3% of the total population of Nepal follows Hinduism, making it the largest Hindu country. The second largest religion in Nepal is Buddhism. Buddhism was founded in Nepal. The peace practitioner, monk, and founder of Buddhism, Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini of Nepal.

Nepal National Animal

The National Animal of Nepal is the Cow. The Cow is also worshipped as the incarnation of the goddess Laxmi by Hindus. Being a country with a majority of Hindu population, cows are widely worshipped and respected. The killing of cows is strictly prohibited and the meat industry of Nepal cannot use cows to produce beef items.

Nepal National Bird

The National Bird of Nepal is Lophophorus. Lophophorus is also known as Danfe in Nepal. It is found in the higher altitudes of Nepal. It is one of the most beautiful birds with a unique color combination. This Himalayan Monal is a highly revered and beautiful bird found in Nepal.

The national logo of Nepal was changed during the reconciliation period. It was adopted on 28th May 2008. The new emblem of communist heraldry was introduced. It contains the flag of Nepal, Mount Everest, Green hills symbolizing the highest peak and hilly regions, and the fertile land Terai part of Nepal. The male and female hand demonstrates gender equality. The garland of the Rhododendron flower was also shown to show the national flower of Nepal. The map of Nepal is also put there to show the dignified, non-colonized, and wonderful terrain. In the crest part, the flag of Nepal is shown.

At the base, a Sanskrit statement is written- which also indicates the main motto of Nepal. The Sanskrit motto ‘जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपी गरीयसी’, means one’s mother and one’s native land worth greater than heaven.

Nepal National Flag

The flag of Nepal is the unique flag in the world with non-quadrilateral properties. The flag is a combination of two single pennons. Its crimson red is the color of Nepal’s national flower- Rhododendron. It is also considered to be a sign of victory in war. The blue color, used in the border of the flag, is a sign of peace. The moon and sun, shown in the first and second pennons respectively, represent Nepal's integrity. Some people also translate the two pennons as a sign of the Himalayas. In other terms, the flag of Nepal represents peace and victory in the land of the Himalayas that will last till the time the Sun and Moon are present in the sky.

Nepal National Flower

The national flower of Nepal is Rhododendron. It is also called Laligurans in Nepal. It has around 1000 species of plant in the heath family. These species have showy flowers and are very beautiful. It is found mostly in hilly regions of Nepal and blooms in the spring season. This flower also can be used for medicinal purposes.

Nepal National Language

The official national language of Nepal is the Nepali language. Jumla is the origin place of the Nepali language, in a rural district of Nepal. However, the Nepali language has a huge influence on the Sanskrit language which is also notably put in the Indo-European language family’s Indo-Aryan branch.

Nepal National Color

The national color of Nepal is crimson. Nepal’s national flag and emblem of Nepal has the same color as well. The national flower of Nepal is also of the same color. Crimson is a strong, bright, and deep reddish-purple color.

Nepal National Dress

The Daura Shurwal is the national outfit of Men. The cloth of a similar king, Gunyu Cholo is the national outfit of Women. The coat in this simple costume was added during the 19th century by Junga Bahadur Rana, the prime minister of that time. The Daura Suruwal has some religious beliefs and remains unchanged for centuries and till today. The Daura has eight strings which is a lucky number according to Mythology. Also, the five pleats in Daura are considered Pancha Ratna. The closed neck size signifies the Snake as Lord Shiva wore. This attire is full of beautiful religious myths and is worn by many Nepalese people. On religious occasions, governmental events, and special day celebrations, the culture of wearing Daura Suruwal is popular. It is also one of the important National Symbols of Nepal.

Nepal National Anthem

The National Anthem of Nepal was changed after Nepal’s Federal democratic movement in 2008 AD. This song is written in pure Nepali language by the popular poet ‘Byakul Maaila’.

The National Anthem in Nepali Language:-

सयौं थुँगा फूलका हामी, एउटै माला नेपाली

सार्वभौम भई फैलिएका, मेची–माहाकाली।(2)

प्रकृतिका कोटी–कोटी सम्पदाको आंचल

वीरहरूका रगतले, स्वतन्त्र अटल।

ज्ञानभूमि, शान्तिभूमि तराई, पहाड, हिमाल

अखण्ड यो प्यारो हाम्रो मातृभूमि नेपाल।

बहुल जाति, भाषा, धर्म, संस्कृति छन् विशाल

अग्रगामी राष्ट्र हाम्रो, जय जय नेपाल।

And the English translation of Nepali National Anthem is:-

Woven from hundreds of flowers, we are one garland that’s Nepali

Spread sovereign from Mechi to Mahakali

A playground for nature’s wealth unending

Out of the sacrifice of our braves, a nation free and unyielding

A land of knowledge, of peace, the plains, hills, and mountains tall

Indivisible, this beloved land of ours, our motherland Nepal

Of many races, languages, religions, and cultures of incredible sprawl

This progressive nation of ours, all hail Nepal

Nepal National Game

Volleyball was declared the National game of Nepal in May 2017, May and now it is considered the national game. Previously, Dandi Biyo, a game played with two sticks, was known as the National game of Nepal. Volleyball is played all over the country regardless of geographical conditions. So, its popularity and the demand of time make it a perfect national game for Nepal.

Nepal National Food

The National food of Nepal is Dalbhat, Gundruk! This Nepali meal is popular and found in very Nepali eateries. Dalbhat is the combination of rice and pulse? and Gundruk is made from fermented Radish leaves. It is found almost everywhere in Nepal. In Himalayan terrain, it is hard to grow grains. However, people manage to get it there too. Its popularity for centuries makes it a national food of Nepal.

Nepal is a culturally, traditionally, and geographically unique country. Additionally, the unique national signs represent the beauty of Nepal. The history and its connection with political movements at different periods are pretty interesting. So, the National symbols of Nepal play a great significance.

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